Prophet’s complaint against UmmahJune 2, 2010
By Mr. Ahmad Subhani
In ‘Surah Al- Furqan, ‘ayat’ No 30 (25/30),of the Holy Quran, on the Day of Judgment, Prophet Mohammad (SAW) will complain to Allah that” my ‘Ummah’ had forsaken the Quran”. The complaint is a startling one for it is known to all that the Quran is the most (widely) read manuscript in the religious domain. The complaint, however spurred my curiosity to probe into the matter and to do that I conducted an in-depth study of the Quran. Soon it dawned on me that mere reading of the Book without understanding its meaning and then not conducting our affairs of life accordingly, is as good as forsaking the Book. With that end in view, I propose to do the following.
First.To reproduce the relevant ‘ayats’ (text) of the Holy Quran under the head, “The Quran says”. Second, to provide in a summarized form the views of the “Ulemas”( Clerics) on the relevant issues, under the head “ Cleric’s Stand”. Third, my brief comments on clerics’ said views, under the head “Comments”.
THE QURAN SAYS:
There is no doubt about the authority or authenticity of this Book (2/2). A Book whose verses have been explained in detail (41/3). The Quran—a Book that makes things clear (27/1). We have revealed the Quran and We will certainly preserve it (15/9). Recite what is revealed to you in the Book; none can change its words (18/27). Had it been from other than Allah, they would have certainly found in it much discrepancy (4/82). Behold, it is up to US to gather it……then it is up to US to explain it (25/17). Praise be to Allah who has sent to his servant the Book and has allowed no crookedness in it (18/1). No falsehood can ever approach it (Quran), openly or secretly. (41/42). We have revealed this Book so that you lead men from darkness to light (14/2). O’ People, if you are doubtful of what WE have revealed, produce one chapter comparable to it……. you are sure to fail (2/23).
Ponder over the contents of the Book:- WE have made the Quran easy to understand; is there any one who will then learn?(54/16). WE have revealed this Book so that the wise should ponder over its revelations (38/29). Will they not ponder over the Quran or they have locks over their hearts? (47/24). When they are reminded of the revelations, they do not fall at them deaf and dumb (they ponder over them) (25/73). For the benefit of the mankind, WE use “ tasreef” ( rotation of ayats) to explain the Quran from various vantage points (18/54). WE have committed to Hell many ‘ jinn-o- ins’ ( human beings) ; they have hearts that they use not to understand……..they are like cattle, nay, even worse.
Sectarianism: All of you should hold fast to the cable ( Quran ) of Allah and be not divided among yourselves ( 3/103 ). O’ Messenger, those who break the unity of ‘Deen’ and become sects, you have nothing to do with them (6/159). The Mushrikeen (polytheists) split up their religion and become sects. All the sects are happy with their own sectarian beliefs (30/32).
Some important directives: Obey what is revealed ( Quran ) to you from your Allah (33/2). Those who do not judge according to Allah’s revelation are non-believers (5/44). Each man shall reap the fruits of his own deeds; no soul shall bear another’s burden (6/164). Man gets what he strives for (53/39) When they are asked to come to ( follow) what Allah has revealed…..they say that enough for them is what they have found their fathers doing; even though their fathers had no knowledge and were not rightly guided (5/104)..
CLERICS’ STAND :
Clerics for a very long period of time, have had held Islam and Muslims hostage to their obscurantist and retrogressive views and practices and have tried to ensure that the Muslims should not get themselves acquainted with the pristine teachings of the Quran,( in case that not happening, Mullahs’ hegemony and strangle-hold over the former would come to an end ).First of all, they have tried to undermine the authenticity of the Quran on the basis of weak and fabricated traditions wrongly attributed to the Holy Prophet, according to which; the Prophet had not got assembled the Quran in its present form himself. Their other allegations are:—Certain ‘ayats’ revealed to the Messenger have not been incorporated in the Quran; certain ‘ayats’ of the Quran have abrogated certain other ‘ayats’; certain traditions ‘ ahadis’ too have abrogated quite a number of ‘ayats’ of the Quran. Not only that, it is also claimed that certain ‘ayats’ present in the Quran are not supposed to be followed (acted upon ). Also, there are some ‘ayats’ though not found in the Quran, have to be abided by. Also, it is claimed that certain edicts or rulings pronounced by certain ‘mohaddisin’ (traditionalists ) and ‘fuqaha’ ( jurists ), although they go against the clear cut injunctions of the Holy Quran, will have to be followed, Clerics (ulema), insist that acquisition of eighteen ‘ulooms’ (disciplines) are a pre-requisite to the understanding of the Quran. It is also claimed by them, that the Quran cannot be properly understood without ‘ahadis’ as the latter explain the former. Last but not the least, the clerics assert that there is no role or function of ‘’aqal”( reason or intellect ) in matters religious since it leads man astray.
Allah affirms in the Quran that there is no doubt in the authenticity of the said Book. In this context he claims that HE himself gathered the contents of the Book and that He is responsible for its safety and preservation. According to HIM, no one can change its text. He further claims that falsehood cannot make intrusion into the Quran. Allah asserts that HE has made the Quran easy to understand and that it (Quran) explains itself without any extraneous help or monitoring. HE declares that those who don’t use their mind (intellect) are destined to go to Hell and are worse than animals. HE condemns sectarianism by making it analogous to “shirk (polytheism). HE has directed the believers to hold fast to the cable (Quran) of Allah and not get split into divisions. HE declares in unequivocal terms that those who form sects are Mushriks (Polytheists).
CONCLUSION: For generations together, the Ummah has been following blindly the footsteps of the semi-literate clergy (‘ulemas’) whose version of Islam, as elaborated above, is at total variance with the one expounded by the Quran. This has led this scribe to believe in the veracity of the Holy Prophet’s complaint that the Holy Quran was forsaken by the ‘Ummah’.